Sweden is the third-largest country in the Western Europe by area (174,000 sq. miles), with a total population of about 9.6 million.
The modern name Sweden is derived from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant “people of the Swedes” (Old Norse Svíþjóð, Latin Suetidi). The Swedish name Sverige (a compound of the words Svea and Rike, literally means “Kingdom of the Swedes”.
Official language: Swedish (translate English words to Swedish: http://lexikon.nada.kth.se/lexin/#
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy Parliament: The Riksdag, with 349 members in one chamber
Religion: In practice, Sweden is very secularized. The Church of Sweden is Evangelical Lutheran; co-exists with many other beliefs
The Swedish business climate is known for flat organizational structures and managers who roll up their sleeves. Business in Sweden is constantly evolving, becoming more competitive — but always with people and the environment in mind.
The future of Swedish business is said to lie primarily in knowledge-intensive industries, where Sweden can take advantage of its advanced technological development, sophisticated infrastructure and high general educational level. Information and communication technologies (ICT) and biomedicine are two such knowledge-intensive sectors in which Sweden has been among the global leaders for years.
In the space of the last few decades, a poor agrarian country was transformed into one of the worlds’ most prosperous and sophisticated industrial nations. The foundation for this rapid growth was northern Sweden’s enormous wealth of forests, ore and hydroelectric power, combined with a long series of ingenious Swedish inventions such as the ball bearing, the gas-powered beacon and the adjustable wrench, to name only a few.
Even today, this kind of engineering brilliance remains at the core of the Swedish business sector. Look at ICT inventions like Skype, that enables people to call each other for free over the internet, and the online music service Spotify.